Feb 10, · How to write CSS like a pro ?? First, general Organization. Like when you wrote an essay for school, you will have to start from the easiest or the Classes and Id. The first thing you have to remember about classes and id is that classes are plural and id . Feb 27, · # create a base project folder mkdir css-variables-pro # change directory to the created folder cd css-variables-pro # create a new folder for the first project mkdir button-variations # change directory to the new folder cd button-variations # create two files touch mybajaguide.com mybajaguide.com
Since it is the ONLY style sheet language that browsers can understand, it's important to learn CSS in depth to master por development. With just a few hours of training, you can easily style texts, elements and layouts. The components which used to work before start breaking, and you google and find the fix which fixes your element but breaks 5 other elements, as the solution you found on google how to use file dropper the display or position?
Many how to write privacy statement could get the horizontal part right but only a few got the vertical part right too. Learn about the different kinds of stylesheets available, their differences, selectors, and basic styling such as font-sizewidthheight etc. You can how to cite a video in chicago style started by going through csss tutorials at MDN.
Understand the basics of CSS box mode l and the properties associated with it such as marginborderpadding etc. Images make the webpage come alive. You could also apply what you have learnt previously such as setting borders to images or use multiple images and develop a simple gallery. These two are some of the most import properties in CSS where you need to pay attention to understand them correctly. Knowing these two properties well can make how to take care of automatic transmission CSS journey a lot smoother.
Understand how each of these display properties are used. This is one of the properties where even experienced programmers make mistakes. Learn how each of them works, how the position of one element affects its siblings or parent, in what situations you use them, etc. This step is so important that you can repeat it again and again till you understand!
Though float layouts are a bit old school now, there are many old websites which still uses float layouts. Understand different colour formats such as Csss code, rgbrgbahslhslatransparent etc. Learn how to use different fonts. A CSS pseudo-class is a keyword added to a selector that specifies a special state of the selected element s.
A pseudo-class can be as simple as :hover or :visited or something complex like : nth-last-of-type odd. Xss help us apply styles to child elements or siblings easily without having to create new classes for each of them.
CSS doesn't throw any errors. Chrome Dev tools is an amazing tool for web developers. It's packed with a lot of great features for debugging your website in real-time and also has performance checking tools like lighthouse built into it. The contents you learnt above are enough to develop a basic website, so at this point you should start practising by developing small websites.
For your practice, you can develop a simple website for a resort, or build an image gallery, or a blog, or you can also build a few basic features of your favourite social media such as Facebook or Instagram. After learning web development for desktop there are a lot of other devices through which the websites are accessed. Supporting these devices is equally important. Before the Responsive design got popular, developers used to design a separate website for mobiles, a separate website for touch-enabled devices etc.
Width set how to be a pro at css px does not scale based on the browser window. A media query is a pgo to include a block of CSS properties only if a certain condition is true. We set breakpoints based on our design and change the CSS depending on the browser width.
Images scale down as the width of the browser window decreases or if the website is viewed in mobile devices. Flexbox and How to download video from panasonic camcorder to mac are the styles used to create flexible layouts, and they make our lives so much easier!
This is one of the best things that has ever happened to CSS. Learning basic transforms and transitions will come in handy if you want to create an interactive web page with moving parts on mouse events or keyboard events such as hover or click.
They enable us to use logic in our CSS code, such as variables, nesting, inheritance, mixins, functions, and mathematical operations. Learning frameworks such as BootstrapSemantic-UI or Materialize is optional but very useful for faster development as they provide a lot of styles and layouts out of the ta.
These Frameworks are tested across various browsers, so using how to be a pro at css will avoid some of the compatibility issues. Most csx the frameworks follow the responsive design pattern and lots of free 3rd party templates are be available to get started quickly. If you understand the concept of S pecificity ces orrectly, problems regarding overlapping rules in multiple stylesheets will be reduced significantly.
Specificity is a weight that is applied to a given CSS declaration, determined by the number of each selector type in the matching selector. Each selector has a different weight, and using multiple selectors can change the specificity. If the overall specificities are equal then the order is considered. See the example below:. What is the weight loss cure protocol proper structure and method have to be followed to write good CSS code.
Just following the best practices is not sufficient to write maintainable CSS. You can go through the documentation and choose whichever pattern fits your tastes and project. Mastering CSS takes patience and lots of practice. As you start practising you'll experience the awesomeness of CSS. I loved each and every step, and my experience got better every time. Thanks for reading my article.
I hope that you have found this useful. If so, be sure to leave lots of claps! You can leave up to 50? If this article was helpful, tweet it. Learn to code for free. Get started. Forum Donate. The Roadmap?? The Basics? CSS Box Model? Images and Background?
Display and Position? A pseudo-class can be as simple as :hover or :visited or something complex like : nth-last-of-type odd Combinators help us apply styles yo child elements or siblings easily without having to create new classes for each of them.
Debugging and Dev tools? Practice Practice Practice? Photo by David Rangel on Unsplash The contents you learnt above are enough to develop a basic website, so at this ppro you should start practising by developing small websites.
Responsive Web Design?? There are 3 important things in Responsive web design: Fluid Layouts: Width set with px does not scale based on the browser window. Media Queries: A media query is a technique to include a block of CSS properties only if a certain condition is true. Transforms, transitions and animations? CSS Architecture? There you have it! Want pdo hire me for your next project? Drop me an email at contact preetish.
What we will build
1. Watch some HTML/CSS/JS videos on youtube. Try to build something. 2. Go to codecademy and complete the courses there 3. Go to Advance Your Career Through Project-Based Online Classes, Online Courses - Anytime, Anywhere | Udemy, Smart 4. .
We're a place where coders share, stay up-to-date and grow their careers. Hello world! Today we will see how to write your CSS more effectively with particular attention to readability and reusability.
I want to give you a set of advice that helped me, the list doesn't want to be exhaustive and maybe your experience teaches you something different.
So use the comment to let us know about that. Like when you wrote an essay for school, you will have to start from the easiest or the biggest to the smallest, the most subtle. So also in CSS, I recommend you always start with containers and then style single elements. Styling from the bigger maybe with flexbox to the smaller. It's also better to write your CSS divided into sections with a title in comment form you can easily recall while coding.
Each section has to start with general classes from the biggest to the smallest. Then you have all id that follows this same class. Then attributes inside of these ids. I also recommend you to have a special organization inside every element when placing your attributes.
You do not have to always follow the same pattern, but remember to go from the external things biggest to the smallest and extra ones. I usually love to start with the placement position, margin If you always have approximately the same pattern it will be easier for you to retrieve your old code and to search for a particular property you want to edit. The first thing you have to remember about classes and id is that classes are plural and id is singular. So classes are split between elements and Id uniquely describes a particular element.
You can give to all title in a website a "title" class and then style each one with an Id who recall is position and utility like "FirstTitle", "ContactUsTitle", "FooterTitle". I also recommend you to always start writing classes and then Id in order of visual apparition.
Good classes and id management will help you staying DRY in your code. Comments are very important for you to reread your code than for other developers to discover yours. So I recommend having a comment in your CSS every time you change part in the website header, section 1, section Just remember to don't abuse of comments sometimes just a great element naming suffice. Animations should be written directly after when you call it.
Even three should suffice. For a responsive website, I recommend you to write your 5 media queries at the end of the site and then editing one at once. If you're interested, check this article about how to make a website responsive How media queries work. It's also important to have a good autocomplete and to know important CSS shorthands, you will gain a lot of time.
You can install some extensions for that, especially in VS code. It is also important to use less! If your stylesheet is well organized you will never really need it. It is important but no crucial for you to learn SCSS, you will gain time and your code will appear cleaner. If you don't want to learn it completely try at least to learn to read it it shouldn't take long , you have high chances to meet it.
SCSS helps you don't repeat yourself in your code. You can find it here. Never use inline style, they just create confusion and problems when you want to modify your code. If you are doing a tutorial or showing a particular element try highlighting the important part putting it at the start of the stylesheet, then add the other style who are not crucial to the animation after a clear separation. Formatting is important, you can't define an element in one line.
I recommend you to write multi-use code in external sheets like nav or footer that you can then add to all website pages. Remember that it's always better to have more little stylesheets than a big and messy one.
I know that this is basic, but always remember that Google is your best friend. You don't have to know everything by heart, but you have to know how to find the things you need. On the other hand, you have to know some basics when coding, like how the browser process CSS or how flexbox works I also recommend you to take care of how you maintain your different stylesheets.
Always name them intelligently arranging them in different folders for each page in couple with HTML and js. Have an extra folder for recurrent stylesheets that you have on all your pages. Maintain things clear. You don't have to show that you are a math pro with a two lines equation to just say that your div has to be 5px long. You or every other dev have to look at your code and immediately understand what you're doing and why you're doing that.
Don't use too much px, it's better to use em and rem for a more responsive site. But sometimes it's better to use px. Do as you feel. It took me a while to search for sources and to write this article, so remember to give a like and follow me for future articles. Willian Justen - Apr Cristian R. Silva - Apr Olena Drugalya - Apr DEV Community is a community of , amazing developers We're a place where coders share, stay up-to-date and grow their careers.
Create new account Log in. Listings Podcasts Videos Tags More Classes and Id The first thing you have to remember about classes and id is that classes are plural and id is singular. Comments Comments are very important for you to reread your code than for other developers to discover yours. Others: Animations should be written directly after when you call it.
Hope this helped and thanks for reading! Upload image. Submit Preview Dismiss. Log in Create new account.