How to build a PC
Dec 28, †Ј In this video How to Assemble CPU Step by Step | How to Build a Computer in 10 Minutes, I used all parts like processor, RAM, HDD, Drive and SMPS are Used on. Homemade CPU Ц from scratch Since when one need a processor Ц the only option is to buy one. In the most complex case one might consider going for configurable FPGA processor (like Nios II) with few extra commands, and that's it.
Learning how to build cpu at home to build a PC is daunting, but piecing all the components together is easier than it may look. For the most part, building a computer boils down to knowing where to plug in your components and cables. If you are already familiar with the overall process of building a PC, you can jump to a specific step using the list below:.
This guide is all about piecing components together to create a functional machine. There are a couple of safety issues to discuss before we actually start ripping open those boxes. The same force that lets you shock your friends when you wear wool socks can also fry components in a heartbeat. Fortunately, static is easy to all but eliminate with a few simple steps. One simple solution is to purchase an anti-static wristband. One end wraps around your wrist, and the other clips somewhere on the computer case, keeping the wearer constantly grounded.
Touching the case frequently with the PSU plugged in and powered off achieves the same effect. This guide serves as a general overview of the process, and the instructions packed with your parts may vary from our suggestions.
When ah do, default to the included instructions and use our guide as a road map for the overall project. Preparing the case is the easy part. Instructions for the specific case you purchased should introduce you to its basic layout as well as list special instructions regarding component installation. Lay down the case in your work area and remove the side panel. For most PC cases, this means the left-side panel when viewed from the front. This panel provides access to the case interior.
Many cases have permanent internal wiring that becomes problematic later on. The first component to make its way into the case should be the power supply PSU.
It is typically located at the rear of the case, usually in the bottom or top corner. When in doubt, the slot is easily located by searching for a square opening with screw holes in at least two corners. You can install the power supply with the fan facing up or down.
In most computer cases, pointing the fan down is ideal. All you need to do is look at your case. Most modern cases are built for this type of installation. If your case manual says something different, however, we recommend following that. There are two main power supply variants: Standard and modular. Modular PSUs have cables that detach from the main hlme to avoid clutter.
This temporarily keeps them out of the way while we install the remaining components. In fact, depending on your case and cooler, you may not be able to assemble your system with the motherboard already installed. It is, of course, attached to the back of the motherboard. There are numerous pins on the CPU and motherboard, and bending any one of them could render that component kaput.
Carefully remove the motherboard from its anti-static bag and set it on a hard, flat, non-metal surface such as a wooden desk, or the top of the motherboard box itself. Also, make sure there are no sources of dust or liquid nearby.
However, there are some subtle differences in the process depending on who made your CPU. Instead of jutting from the processor, pins now reside in modern Intel sockets on motherboards, making CPU installation easy. This part of the socket is called the contact array. Absolutely do not bend or touch these pins! When clamped down, the end of the load lever tucks under a hook to keep everything in place. When you unbox your motherboard, the contact array will be covered with a piece of plastic.
First, open the load plate. Do this by gently pushing down on the load arm and moving it out sideways cppu under the hook, and then raising it up all the way. At this point, the plastic piece will come loose. As shown above, the CPU itself should have a small half-circle notch on each side of the chip. With the contacts facing down, there should be only one direction where the notches line up with the notches in the socket.
How to build cpu at home up your processor by the sides, clamping it lightly between your fingertips. Here, you want to avoid touching the bottom of the processor. With the processor in hand, line up the notches or use the small gold triangle in the corner to line up the socket and set the processor in. Bbuild processor should slot in without issues. Again, very gently do this.
Use the load arm on the side to lower the plate over the chip, then push down and re-clip the arm under the hook once again. This requires a fair amount of pressure, so make sure the chip is properly seated before pressing down. Remember, the notches in the processor should align with those in the socket. If in doubt, start again and double-check. The load arm on the socket slightly shifts the holes underneath, gripping the pins on the processor when pressed all the way down.
That ensures the holes hhome the pins are wide open. All you need to do is line that triangle up with a second triangle cut into the slot. Again, pick up the processor by the sides gently, avoiding the bottom.
Once the processor sits comfortably in the slot, simply press the arm down until it clicks into place and locks in. This last buld can be intimidating since it requires a fair yome of pressure to lock in place. The direction is easy enough. Slot choice depends on a few factors, one of which is how you purchased RAM. However, you likely purchased two identical RAM sticks, a common package called a dual-channel configuration. The system can use both sticks as if they were a single block of RAM but accesses them individually, providing a modest boost to memory performance.
You should install these sticks in channels slots with matching colors, usually labeled A1 and B1, though sometimes A2 and B2 are preferable. Now that we know the proper slot and direction, the next part is easy. Push the plastic wings at either end of hmoe slot down and outward some motherboards only have one then place the stick in the slot sticking straight up.
Push down firmly until the RAM clicks into the slot, and the plastic wings click back in bkild clamp the ends of the sticks. We put together a more detailed guide for how to install RAM if you need additional information.
Most modern cases have bkild, non-removable spacers between the back wall and motherboard, known as standoffs. They act as a ground for the motherboard while preventing the connections on the back from shorting. Some cases have removable stand-offs you must manually install. Be firm but gentle. Depending on the case and motherboard combination, pairing the two requires between six and 10 screws.
You may find that not all holes match up how to increase platelet count in infants standoffs underneath. Drop a screw into a hole to see if it threads ho away. Like every set of screws, the first step is ar the screws and giving them a couple of precursory turns. Then, proceed in a star pattern, tightening each screw a little at a time.
You only need enough torque to how to glass paint a wine glass the board in place without wiggling. This pin connector powers both the motherboard and hlw CPU. However, some boards have a second 4-pin or 8-pin connector for the processor, which resides near your CPU, typically in the top corner.
Second, connect the case plugs and buttons to the motherboard. A double-wide row of pins Ч the location of which will be noted in your manual Ч runs the USB ports, buttons for reset and power, and activity LEDs for power and storage.
These small cables run in a bundle xpu wherever how to factory reset hp laptop from startup ports reside in the case. Proper installation can be difficult, however, due to their size.
If you have a magnifying glass or cp set of tweezers, now is a great time to use them. Some motherboards include an adapter that bridges these jumpers to the right connections on your how to write a causal analysis paper. Otherwise, installing them is as simple as matching the labels on the pins with the labels on the connections.
The USB header connecting to your front-facing motherboard ports will be on its own. This header has a notch on one side that how to juke in ncaa football 12 clearly indicate which direction it plugs in.
With the motherboard now tethered to your case, you can wipe the sweat of concentration off your brow. The process varies, however, given the different brands and generations. The same is true for third-party coolers, which use a proprietary installation bracket. Following the included instructions is crucial to your PC-building success.
Every cooler needs thermal paste. AMD and Intel apply it to their coolers in the factory, but third-party coolers require manual how to build cpu at home. When directed by the instructions, simply apply a single silver dot Ч about the size of a small pea Ч right in the center of the chip.
After squishing the chip and cooler together, try not to wiggle or twist too much, to ensure a smooth, what are traditional chinese foods connection. But the full fan system still needs power.
Build your PC
Jan 06, †Ј Regardless of what kind of PC youТre building (home office or gaming), the components you need are going to be the same. YouТll need a motherboard, a CPU (central processing unit. No, you wonТt be able to make a modern PC and processor at home. These chips take millions of man-hours to design, and are made in factories that cost literal billions to set up. These chips take millions of man-hours to design, and are made in factories that cost literal billions to set up. Dec 02, †Ј Build your PC Install the CPU.. Because each motherboard and CPU are different, consult your motherboard and CPU manuals for Add RAM modules.. Again, your motherboard's manual will have recommendations on which slots to use for your memory Add the storage device.. Oliver installed two NVMe Author: Clifford Colby.
With a bit of research and some DIY spirit, you can build a burly PC from scratch for much less than one you can buy off the shelf. Or a fully equipped custom-built PC from a boutique computer maker such as Puget Systems could cost about the same. But if you're willing to roll up your sleeves and do a bit of research, you can build a brawny PC that will cost you hundreds or even thousands of dollars less -- and you'll have exactly the machine you want.
Of course, a home-built PC is not for everyone: If you're mainly writing, watching videos and browsing the web, a good budget laptop might be just the ticket. Or if you're concerned about battery life or need a bit more horsepower, one of these top-performing laptops should also be fine. But if your work or hardcore gaming requires serious computational muscle and tons of storage, choosing your individual components and then building a custom workstation or gaming rig might be the better route to take.
Here's how Oliver chose the components and then built the workstation. Of course, being part of CNET's video team, he made a video of the entire process.
First, let's look at the various components you'll want to consider if you're thinking about building your own PC and then see how they all fit together.
If you've decided to build your own PC, you'll need to do some research, gather the components and then assemble the PC yourself. It's really not as scary as it sounds.
Weighing cost and performance for each component can seem challenging. If you'd rather not post, PCPartPicker has some great guides for people who might be too shy to ask on a forum.
While we can't decide which combination of components is right for you, here's a general list of the parts you'll need to think about:. You'll plug your components into the motherboard, which handles the communication between everything. Make sure your components are compatible with your motherboard and that it fits inside your case. Not long ago, the choice between a hard-disk drive and a solid state drive might have come down to price. But now, with SSD devices around the same cost as hard drives, the place to save a few bucks in your build is probably not with storage.
Go with fast and reliable SSD storage unless you have terabytes of data to store -- then, you may want to consider a hard disk drive.
Choose one that is large enough to hold all your components and any upgrades you may make to the basic model. You essentially have two brands to choose from when buying your CPU, the brains of your computer. Your choice of processor is between those from Intel and AMD. Here's where you'll want to check in with the PC subreddits to see which processor maker will better suit your needs -- whether it's a budget PC intended for web browsing to a super-charged gaming rig.
Graphics card. The processor or motherboard you pick may come with an integrated GPU to handle graphics and image processing. For a PC's random access memory, DIMMs plug into memory slots on the motherboard and come in various speeds and memory sizes. For the custom-built machine we made at CNET, we had to pay close attention to which memory slots we filled and left open to take full advantage of the system's memory architecture.
CPU cooler. While your case may come with a fan or two, you will also need a dedicated cooler for the CPU. Most CPUs will come with one, but buying a better one could improve performance. Power supply. You can pick a power supply that comes with detachable cables -- so you can use just the ones you need and keep down the clutter -- or one with all cables already connected.
Make sure your power supply can provide enough power for your components. Newegg has a helpful power supply calculator that estimates the power supply you'll need based on your components. Windows Use Microsoft's Windows Media Creation Tool to create the installation media on the drive that you'll then install on your PC when you are ready. Tools and supplies. To assemble your PC, you'll need a few tools, some you may have around and others you may need to track down.
If a specific component for the PC requires a unique tool, the manufacturer usually includes it in the box. Here's a quick list of the tools and other items you'd want to have on hand before you start assembling your PC:. Each PC assembly is going to be different -- because of component choices, motherboard configuration and so on -- and some components are easier to install on the motherboard before you put it in the case.
This is how we put together the PC in-house. For a step-by-step look at the assembly, be sure to watch the video. We list the specific parts we picked at the end of the article. Install the CPU. Because each motherboard and CPU are different, consult your motherboard and CPU manuals for installation instructions specific to your setup.
In general, all CPUs have some kind of marking to help you orient them correctly on the motherboard. Add RAM modules. Again, your motherboard's manual will have recommendations on which slots to use for your memory modules to optimize your PC's memory. Add the storage device. Oliver installed two NVMe high-speed flash storage drives in his build. Here's where you'll want to use thermal pads that either come with the drives or that you bought separately.
Insert the motherboard. At this point in Oliver's assembly, he's ready to put the motherboard inside the case. After you've correctly oriented the motherboard, secure it with screws. Here's where the the magnetic tip screwdriver is a blessing because fishing a dropped screw out of the case is challenging. Hook up the power supply. While the orientation of your power supply will depend on the case, make sure the fan is pointing to a vent or else you'll trap the hot air inside the case and your computer could overheat.
Attach your CPU cooler. Refer to your cooler's instructions for how to install. Our cooler came with thermal compound, but if yours didn't you can apply a bit -- about a large grain of rice's worth. You'll probably have to connect your cooler to the motherboard and to the power supply, following the instructions in its manual.
If you have additional fans, connect those too. Connect your storage. Now connect your storage device to the power supply and motherboard. Be sure to hook up all the fans in your case. Install the graphics card. Again follow instructions in the manual and make sure the card is free of any plastic or protective coverings. Connect the appropriate power connectors to the card. Close up the case and plug it in. When you're ready, plug in the flash drive with the Windows 10 installer and then turn on the PC.
You may or may not hear a beep. The system may restart a few times; this is normal. You're now ready to install Windows Install Windows 10 off the flash drive. Installing Windows will vary depending on your components, so check your manual for specific instructions. Here, basically, is how to do it. Select the flash drive, and press Enter.
Your computer will now boot up from the flash drive, and the Windows installer should launch. Each build is different, right? Here's what Oliver chose for his build, with prices. If you decide to build your own, let us know in the comments which components you chose and how the setup went. For more on Windows 10, here's how you can upgrade for free and beware of this fake update , which may lock up your PC. Be respectful, keep it civil and stay on topic.
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This is how you build your own PC powerhouse at home, from CPU to nuts With a bit of research and some DIY spirit, you can build a burly PC from scratch for much less than one you can buy off the shelf. Clifford Colby.
The components for our workstation PC.