9 Easy Ways To Tell Real Pearls From Fake
How To Tell If Pearls Are Real Or Fake? Feel Them. This is the easiest way of being able to tell whether the pearls are genuine or false. When you touch real pearls they feel cool but when worn or held they begin to warm up. Whereas fake pearls will feel . Mar 25, · The drill holes in real pearls are usually very small whereas those in imitation pearls are often larger. Under magnification, the coating around the drill holes of fake pearls is normally thin and looks like a shiny paint.
A real pearl is produced by pearl-bearing oysters either in fresh or salt water. Depending on whether human assistance is involved or not, this organic gem can either be cultured or natural. Natural pearls formed without human intervention are extremely rare and are not commercially viable.
Therefore, they are usually only found in museums. Fake or imitation pearls are man-made distinbuish. Some fake ones can easily be spotted but some can look very close to the real ones. The most well-known one, Majorica pearl, which is made out of glass, can often fool your eyes. The first step you can take is to touch them and feel the temperature. Real pearls are cold to touch for the first couple of seconds before warming up against your skin.
However, fake ones that are made of glass beads can be cool to touch to start with. But it tends to take them longer to warm up against your skin than real pearls. In a strand of cultured pearls, you can always see very tiny differences between them, even when they are top quality and well matched. If the pearls are completely perfect how to say little devil in spanish identical in froj of shape, size, color and surface characteristics, they hwo probably fake.
In addition, cultured and natural pearls reflect light differently resl the fake ones. The lustre of fake pearls has a glassy look and is unnatural. Both natural and cultured pearls often have an overtone, a distknguish color that appears on the outer surface of a pearl. It is especially noticeable among fine quality pearls. If you notice the pearls have only one uniform color and are lack of depth, they are likely to be fake.
So this method alone cannot tell the authenticity of a pearl. How to conserve and protect environment real pearls are rarely round.
They come in all pwarls including oval, button, near-round, circled, coin, drop and totally irregular baroque. In general, round pearls command a higher price than pearls of other shapes. But even with a strand of real pearl necklace that is perfectly round, you distunguish still see some slight differences in their pearl shapes. Both natural and cultured pearls have textured surface due to their layered nacre structure.
So when you rub the pearls lightly against each other or on your front teeth, they feel a little gritty. Fake or imitation pearls, however, usually feel smooth or glassy. Real pearls are normally heavier than the fake ones. Toss them gently up and down in your hand and feel the weight difference. You can use this method to test those made from coated glass or plastic beads.
The only exception with this weight test is distjnguish the case of solid glass beads. They weigh much heavier than natural or cultured pearls.
The drill holes in real pearls are usually very small whereas those in imitation pearls are often larger. Under magnification, the coating around the drill holes of fake pearls is normally thin and looks like a shiny paint.
You can often see flakes or chipped coating around the drill holes that will eventually peel off. How to differentiate real and fake dsitinguish March 25, Real pearls A real pearl is produced by pearl-bearing oysters either in fresh or salt water.
Fake pearls Fake or imitation pearle are man-made beads. Tk the color Both natural and cultured pearls often have an overtone, a translucent color that appears on the outer surface of a pearl.
Observe the shape Most real pearls are rarely round. Rub — check the surface feel Both natural and cultured pearls have textured surface due to their layered nacre distinyuish. Feel the weight Real pearls are normally heavier than the fake ones. Check drill holes The drill holes in real pearls fo usually very how to distinguish real pearls from fake whereas those in imitation pearls are often larger.
Spotting Genuine Cultured Pearls
Synthetic pearls will feel smooth, like plastic, because man-made gems lack these crystalline plates. The Tooth Test is not % definitive, but it will point you in the right direction and spot most fake pearls. Here are some tips on how to distinguish real pearls from fakes: 1. Real pearls have fingerprint-like surface ridges when viewed under magnification. Fake pearls have bubbles or matte patterns on the surface when viewed under magnification. 2. Real pearls have body color enriched by an overtone color. In times of old, Pearls have become valuable jewels for kings and patriciate because of its availability and beauty. Unlike diamonds, rubies, sapphire or emeralds are .
One of the most commonly asked questions we get here at Pure Pearls is how to tell the difference between traditionally cultured pearls and man-made synthetics. This article will briefly go over some of the easier ways to tell the difference between the two so you'll know how to buy pearls with confidence. Genuine cultured pearls like these Freshwater and saltwater Akoya varieties are fairly easy to spot - notice the slight variations in colors, overtones, luster, shapes and sizes.
Even the Akoya bottom row which are known for their near-perfect matching still feature subtle differences in luster, overtone and iridescence. No plastic-looking shine here! These genuine cultured black Tahitian pearls feature a touchable, satin-like glow, among other genuine cultured pearl markers such as multi-hued overtones, Orient that shimmers and shines with an iridescent shifting ability, surface inclusions and circling. These Pink to Mauve and Lavender-colored cultured Freshwater Drops are well-matched, but you can still easily spot slight variances in each pearl's body color and overtone, marking them out as unmistakably genuine cultured pearls that haven't been dyed or color-treated.
Distinguishing genuine cultured baroque pearls from their synthetic counterparts is easy when you know what to look for. These cultured baroque Freshwater pearls feature unique shapes and sizes, all with their own unique character and reactions to light. No single pearl is exactly like another. Notice the touchable luster, the GLOW these pearls seem to radiate versus the "plastic" shine of synthetic pearls Shell Pearls can barely get close to their beauty despite the large sizes and pastel, "realistic" colors.
Also notable here is a shifting, subtle soap-bubble iridescence that appears to play over their surfaces nothing "oily" about it! Cultured pearls are pearls that come from a mollusk, whether saltwater or Freshwater varieties. These pearls are nucleated with either a small mother of pearl bead nucleus or a square 1mm piece of mantle tissue, which irritates the mollusk into forming a pearl sac, and then subsequently coating the "seed" with crystalline nacre layers, eventually forming a pearl.
This means that each and every single pearl harvested is a totally unique, individual gemstone with its own character and personality. Like snowflakes, no two pearls are totally, completely the same. This gives us all a wonderful opportunity to enjoy jewelry that becomes yours and yours alone through the pearls' identifying characteristics. It's a lovely thought, in my opinion.
If you have a pearl necklace or earrings , bracelets , pendant , etc. Place the jewelry on a plain white sheet of paper and begin examining the pearls inch-by-inch.
Well, maybe not THAT close - 3 to 6-inches away from your eyes should be just about perfect for pearl evaluation. Questions to ask yourself while you're examining the pearls up-close and personal are:. The Tooth Test entails gently rubbing or scraping the surface of the pearls against your teeth. Do this Very Gently , pearls are soft. Synthetic pearls will feel smooth, like plastic, because man-made gems lack these crystalline plates.
The attributes that almost all synthetic pearls have in common are smooth, somewhat plastic-looking surfaces. There are three major types of synthetic pearls commonly found on the market at the moment although new, hard-to-spot fakes, and "off-brand" synthetics are always being experimented with and introduced. The ones you should know about are:. Let's take a look at each and see if you can learn to spot them in real life.
Notice the perfect uniformity of shape, luster and color with zero surface blemishing. Photo courtesy of Pearl Dreams via Pearl-Guide. Another shot of the same Majorica strand by Pearl Dreams. Again, the perfect uniformity of shape, luster and color with zero surface blemishing is striking. Photo courtesy of Pearl-Guide.
Majorica pearls are considered fine synthetic pearls that are often found in high-end departments stores like Barney's or Nordstroms.
Most traditionally seen in white, black, grey and gold, these pearls maintain a "realistic" palette of colors, and are VERY convincing - especially the newest versions featuring circled Baroque shapes. Majorica pearls have been in production since the late 's on the Spanish island of Majorca. These man-made pearls are created by repeatedly dipping a solid glass orb to give the "pearl" a realistic heft or weight into a substance called "essence d' orient".
The exact recipe is a heavily guarded secret, however it is commonly known that the pearl-like substance is a liquified mix of ground up fish scales, powdered mother of pearl and oil. The "pearls" are dipped approximately 30 times to give them a nice, thick coating over the bead and then hand-polished to remove blemishes, bumps or uneven areas of coating. The Tooth Test works really well on these pearls. Another dead give-away is their plastic-looking shine versus the softer glow of most cultured pearls.
Multi-colored strands of "South Sea Shell Pearls", which are incredibly convincing synthetic pearls. This close-up image of a "South Sea Shell Pearl" bracelet is very instructive - notice the nearly exact same rate and quality of light reflected off the surfaces, with that near-plastic looking shine Shell pearls also exhibit perfect uniformity in shape, color and reflectivity.
These synthetic pearls are typically created in South Sea pearl sizes - The Tooth Test won't be effective with Shell Pearls due to their composition ground up mother of pearl or solid shell , and these pearls can also exhibit surface irregularities, making the evaluation even tougher.
Focusing on the "luster" and colors will be most helpful in determining whether the pearls you're looking at are genuine or Shell Pearls.
Swarovski crystal pearls in a Light Peach - I think the Swarovski pearls are pretty, but they're the easiest to spot as fakes due to their intense uniformity and plastic appearance. Swarovski pearls come in every color of the rainbow, with 4 shades of white, currently. Shown above is a pretty Ivory color. Notice again the total uniformity of color, size, surface and light reflection.
This close-up of Swarovski crystal pearls shows that they are unmistakably coated beads- check out the holes and their coated edges, showing both smooth and rough "plastic-looking" material globbed around the edges. Swarovski Crystal Pearls are always labeled as synthetic pearls by the manufacturer, and are easy to spot due to their plastick-y looking shine and perfect uniformity in color and size. These pearls are created using a Swarovski crystal core or bead, which is then coated with a powdered mother of pearl substance available in a rainbow of colors.
Swarovski Crystal pearls are extremely durable in terms of daily wear and tear, and an excellent alternative to real pearls for costume jewelry or clothing purposes - the pearls can even be dry-cleaned without damaging the outer layers. They're also a fabulous choice for beginning beaders who want to learn how to string and play around with creating unique fashion jewelry without investing too much.
How to Tell Real Pearls vs. Fake Man-Made Pearls. Shop Genuine Cultured Pearls. Spotting Genuine Cultured Pearls. Shop Akoya Pearls. Shop our Tahitian Pearls. Shop Pink Pearls. Shop our Freshwater Pearls. Shop our South Sea Pearls.
How to Spot Fake Pearls. Are they all perfectly round? Are there shape variations? Do you see any inclusions or blemishes on the surfaces? Can you see any lighter or darker areas visible just underneath the surface?
These spots are organic build-up of conchiolin a building block of nacre. Do the pearls feel dense and heavy for their size? Or light and hollow? Can you spot any variations in body color or overtone , or are the pearls all exactly the same? Does the Luster on the surface have any visual complexity - i.
Do you see any Orient the rainbow soap-bubble effect subtly shimmering on the surfaces of the pearls? Take the Tooth Test. Common Types of Synthetic Pearls. Unnatural colors that can be anything from ruby red to pitch black, lime green, sapphire blue and royal purple are often seen.
The ones you should know about are: Majorica Pearls Shell Pearls Swarovski Crystal Pearls Let's take a look at each and see if you can learn to spot them in real life. Majorica or Mallorca Pearls. Shell Pearls. Shell pearls can be made in two ways: The first and most common method is by crushing the interior mother-of-pearl found in mollusk shells into a fine pearlescent powder.
This mother-of-pearl powder is used to coat a bead nucleus, very similar to the process used in creating Majorica pearls. The second method creates rounded beads out of a saltwater pearl oyster's shell using the thickest part near the hinge. These pieces are smoothed and rounded out into perfect spheres and then dyeing them in various colors.
The shell pearls are then baked at high temperatures to ensure the coloring is permanent and then given a high polish. Swarovsky Crystal Pearls. Sold out. Shop All Best Sellers. Ready to Learn More About Pearls? Read Our Grading Guides:. Become a Pure Member Stay up to date on our latest products, news, discounts, and more!