what are the causes of hoarseness in infants?
Jun 13, · Excessive Crying Excessive crying is a common cause of hoarseness in infants. While all babies cry to convey their needs, some cry more than others, such as those suffering from colic. Crying for an extended period of time can cause the vocal chords to swell, resulting in a hoarse voice. Oct 26, · Vocal cord nodules or cysts might be considered in an infant with a persistent hoarse voice — particularly if the hoarseness is present from birth. .
Hoarseness is the name for the breathy, coarse, or harsh sounding speech produced from a variety of causes. It is important to find the cause of a hoarse voice, on the appropriate treatment plan can be developed. Infwnts vocal cords can be affected directly by colds and croup or may be affected indirectly by non-infectious processes, environmental or traumatic causes, and congenital and genetic syndromes. Hoarseness also may be caused by any process that affects the nerve that moves the vocal cords the recurrent laryngeal nerve.
Viral and bacterial infections can directly affect the throat and vocal cords, resulting in hoarseness. These illnesses are known as laryngitis, laryngotracheitis croupand laryngotracheobronchitis bronchiolitis. These do not usually last more than a infantss or so, and can usually be identified and treated by your primary care physician. However, it is important to realize that hoarseness can continue for a month or so after the primary infection. Allergies are a common non-infectious processes that can result in hoarseness.
The secretions produced hoarseneds common allergies can drip into the throat post-nasal drip irritating the throat and vocal cords. Allergies can also cause swelling of the vocal cords resulting in hoarseness. Successful infanhs of the allergies will result in resolution of the hoarse hoarseneas.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease GERD or reflux of stomach acid into the back of the throat will also cause hoarseness and may be more common than previously thought.
Because reflux can be silent in many children, examination of the vocal cords and testing for reflux may be necessary to establish this cause of hoarseness. Other non-infectious processes are much unusual infannts of hoarseness. These can include vocal cord polyps, endocrine what causes hoarseness in infants problems and tumors of the larynx among others.
Traumatic causes of hoarseness refer to damage of the neck or vocal cords through trauma. Some examples include hoarseess ingestions acid, poisonsintubation breathing tube placementfeeding tube placement, birth trauma, or other trauma car or bike accidents. An infant may be born with a deformity of the larynx voice boxor a nerve problem causing hoarseness. These causes of hoarseness can include vocal cord paralysis, laryngomalacia, cysts, webs a membrane blocking the opening or clefts in the voice box.
Some genetic inherited syndromes also involve deformities causing hoarseness. Anything that could damage the nerve recurrent laryngeal nerve that moves the vocal cords may result in hoarseness. This may include many rare diseases involving the brain how to design a t shirt design nerves in the body.
Occasionally a child is born with damage to this nerve. Surgery in the chest and around the heart and large blood vessels may also result in damage to the nerve. Does an ear, nose, hoarsenfss throat specialist otolaryngologist always evaluate hoarseness? Whhat ear, nose and throat specialist focuses on disorders of the head and neck not including the eyes, brain, or spinal cord.
As hoarseness results from a variety of causes, the best person to evaluate hoarseness is an ear, nose and throat specialist. Treatment may caudes other specialists depending on the final diagnosis. In otherwise healthy children, hoarseness that has been present for four months or longer should be evaluated.
In newborn children, infanst with a history of chest surgery or those with other congenital invants, hoarseness should be evaluated more promptly. If your child has had a hoarse voice since they began speaking and it has not improved, it should be evaluated.
Not every child is similar, so each patient is yoarseness according to their particular hoarsenes. A thorough history and physical exam is performed. Your doctor may also order a hearing test to rule out hearing loss that sometimes accompanies hoarseness. Finally, an evaluation of the voice box with a special camera is performed. This is called a flexible laryngoscopy. Most often, it can be performed in the office under local topical anesthesia placed in the nose.
Andrews specializes in the medical and surgical treatment of how to make a condom dress, nose and throat disorders of children and adolescents. Facebook Twitter Google. Pediatric Hoarseness What is hoarseness?
What are some of the causes of a hoarse voice? Any illness or process that directly or indirectly affects the VOCAL CORDS in the LARYNX voice boxthat does not allow the vocal cords to close completely, will result in a hoarse voice The vocal cords can be affected directly by colds and croup or may be affected indirectly by non-infectious processes, environmental or traumatic causes, and congenital and genetic syndromes.
What are some of the more common infectious causes of hoarseness? Which non-infectious processes can result in hoarseness? What are some of the more common traumatic causes of hoarseness? What are some of the congenital and genetic causes of hoarseness? What are some of the indirect causes of hoarseness? When should hoarseness be hozrseness concern?
What does an evaluation consist of? Thomas M. Andrews M.
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Oct 07, · Vocal cord nodules: These are the usual cause of hoarseness and these are created when your child shouts, screams, coughs or sneezes forcefully or does anything else that forces the air to be pushed from the lungs through the vocal cords at speed. An infant may be born with a deformity of the larynx (voice box), or a nerve problem causing hoarseness. In many cases, there may be STRIDOR or noisy breathing as well. These causes of hoarseness can include vocal cord paralysis, laryngomalacia, cysts, webs (a membrane blocking the opening) or clefts in the voice box. May 12, · A variety of causes: Hoarseness in infants can be from a variety of causes. Babies can have reflux and chronic irritation of the airway from the spitting up can cause hoarseness. Viral illness can cause short-term hoarseness. Some babies are born with a paralyzed vocal cord.
Sounding a little hoarse after a lot of shouting or screaming, especially during competing events, can cause a child to have a hoarse voice. This is very normal, and it should resolve itself in a few hours, or sometimes the following day. However, if your child has a continued hoarseness or a change in their voice, then perhaps you should investigate whether there is any other cause that needs treatment. Here are some common causes of hoarseness in children:.
As you can see a certain amount of hoarseness can be caused by normal events and the voice will resume of its own accord with rest and the passing of the irritant. However, if the condition is chronic or goes on for some time, you should have your child checked by a health specialist.
A Pediatric ENT specialist will be able to give your child a thorough check-up and diagnose exactly what the problem is. They will also advise the best form of treatment for that problem, if appropriate. Licensed professionals specializing in ear nose and throat disorders see this kind of problem daily, so rest assured your child will be in the best hands and will be back to their loud, happy ways very quickly.
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