U.s.s.r. definition, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. See more. Looking for the definition of U.S.S.R.? Find out what is the full meaning of U.S.S.R. on mybajaguide.com! 'Union of Soviet Socialist Republics' is one option -- get in to view more @ The Web's largest and most authoritative acronyms and abbreviations resource.
Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics[h] in practice its government and economy were highly centralized until its final years. It was the largest country in the world by surface area,  spanning over 10, kilometers 6, mi east to west across 11 time zones and over 7, kilometers 4, mi north to south.
Its five biomes were .staigarrdesertand mountains. Its diverse population was officially known as the Soviet people. The Soviet Union had its roots in the October Revolution of when the Bolsheviksheaded by Vladimir Leninoverthrew the Provisional Government that had earlier replaced the monarchy of the Russian Empire. They established the Russian Soviet Republic[i] beginning a civil war between the Bolshevik Red Army and many anti-Bolshevik forces across the former Empire, among whom the largest faction was the White Guardwhich engaged in violent anti-communist repression against the Bolsheviks and their worker and peasant supporters known as the White Terror.
The Red Army expanded and helped local Bolsheviks take power, establishing sovietsrepressing their political opponents and rebellious peasants through Red Terror. Bythe Bolsheviks had emerged victorious, forming the Soviet Union with the unification of the Russian, TranscaucasianUkrainian and Byelorussian republics.
The New Economic Policy NEPwhich was introduced by Lenin, led to a partial return of a free market and private property ; this resulted in a period of economic recovery. Following Lenin's death inJoseph Stalin came to power. What is type 2 diabetis suppressed all political opposition to his rule inside the Communist Party and inaugurated a command economy. As a result, the country underwent a period ss.
rapid industrialization and forced collectivizationwhich led to significant what causes you to be sick growth, but also led to a man-made famine in — and expanded the Gulag labour camp system originally established in Stalin also fomented political paranoia and maen the Great Purge to remove his actual and perceived opponents from the Party through mass arrests of military leaders, Communist Party members, and ordinary citizens alike, who were then sent to correctional labor camps or sentenced to death.
On 23 Augustafter unsuccessful efforts to form an anti-fascist alliance with Western powers, the Soviets signed the non-aggression agreement ddoes Nazi Germany. After the start of World War IIthe formally neutral Soviets invaded and annexed territories of several Eastern European states, including eastern Poland and the Baltic states. Doss June the Germans invadedopening the largest and bloodiest theater of war in history. Soviet war casualties accounted for the highest proportion of the conflict in the cost of acquiring the upper hand over Axis forces at intense battles such as Stalingrad.
The territory overtaken by the Red Army became satellite states of the Eastern Bloc. Following Stalin's death ina period known as de-Stalinization and the Khrushchev Thaw occurred under the leadership of Nikita Khrushchev. The country developed rapidly, as millions of peasants were u. into industrialized cities. The USSR took an early lead in the Space Race with the first ever satellite and the first human spaceflight and the first probe to land on another planetVenus.
The war drained economic resources and was matched by an escalation of American military aid to Mujahideen fighters. In the mids, the last Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachevsought to further reform and liberalize the economy through his policies of glasnost and perestroika. The goal was to preserve the Communist Party while reversing economic stagnation. In particular, the indecisive action of the Eastern European rulers after the Pan-European Picnic caused the fall of the Iron Curtainwhich shattered the formerly powerful communist unity.
This led to the rise of strong nationalist and separatist movements inside the USSR as well. Central authorities initiated a referendum —boycotted by the Baltic republics, Armenia, Georgia, and Moldova—which resulted in the majority of participating citizens voting in favor of preserving the Union as a renewed federation. It failed, with Russian President Boris Yeltsin playing a high-profile role in facing down the coup, resulting in the banning of the Communist Party.
On 25 DecemberGorbachev resigned and the remaining twelve constituent republics emerged from the dissolution of the Soviet Union as independent post-Soviet states.
The USSR produced many significant social and technological achievements and innovations of the 20th century. The country had the world's second-largest economy and the largest standing military in the world. The word sovietnik means "councillor". In the Russian What is a 64 bit machinethe State Council which functioned from to was referred to as a Council of Ministers after the a.
of Soyuz Sovetskikh Respublik Evropy i Azii. In addition, in the national languages of several how to get a single dorm in college, the word council or conciliar in the respective language was only quite late changed to an adaptation of the Russian soviet and never in others, e.
It is written in Cyrillic letters. The Soviets used the Cyrillic abbreviation so frequently that audiences worldwide became familiar with its meaning.
Notably, both Cyrillic letters used have homoglyphic but transliterally distinct letters in Latin alphabets. Because of widespread familiarity with the Cyrillic abbreviation, Latin alphabet users in particular almost always use the Latin homoglyphs C and P as opposed to the transliteral Latin letters S and R when rendering the USSR's native abbreviation.
In the English-speaking world, the Soviet Union was also informally called Russia and its citizens Russians,  although that was technically incorrect since Russia was only one of the republics. With an how to format flash drive using cmd of 22, square kilometres 8, sq mithe Soviet Union was the world's largest country, a status that is retained by the Russian Federation.
The European portion accounted for a quarter of the country's area and was the cultural and economic center. The eastern part in Asia extended to the Pacific Ocean to the east and Afghanistan to the south, and, except some areas in Central Asiawas much less populous. Dooes spanned over 10, kilometres 6, mi east to west across 11 time zonesand over 7, kilometres 4, mi north to south.
It had five climate zones: tundrataigasteppesdesert and mountains. Two-thirds of it was a coastline. The USSR also included most of the world's largest lakes; the Caspian Sea shared with Iranand Lake Baikalthe world's largest by volume and deepest freshwater wuat that is also an internal body of water in Russia. Modern revolutionary activity in the Russian Empire began with the Decembrist revolt.
Although serfdom was abolished init was done on terms unfavorable to the peasants and served to encourage revolutionaries. A parliament—the State Duma —was established in after the Russian Revolution ofbut Tsar Nicholas II resisted attempts to move from absolute to a constitutional monarchy. Social unrest continued and was aggravated during World War I by military defeat and food shortages in major cities. A spontaneous popular uprising in Petrogradin response to the wartime decay of Russia's economy and morale, culminated in the February Revolution and the toppling of Nicholas II and the imperial government in March The tsarist autocracy was replaced by the Russian Provisional Government, which intended to conduct elections to the Russian Constituent Assembly and what are corn stalks used for continue fighting on the side of the Entente in World War I.
At the same time, workers' councilsknown in Russian as " Soviets ", sprang up across the country. The Bolsheviksled by Vladimir Leninpushed for socialist revolution in the Soviets and on whar streets. On 7 Novemberthe Red Guards stormed the Winter Palace in Petrograd, ending the rule of the Provisional Government and leaving all political power to the Soviets.
In December, the Bolsheviks signed an armistice with the Central Powersthough by February what are essential oils for hair, fighting had whqt. A long and bloody Civil War ensued between the Reds and the Whitesstarting in and ending in with the Reds' victory. It included foreign interventionthe execution of the former tsar and his familyand the famine ofwhich killed about five million people.
Soviet Russia had to resolve similar conflicts with the newly established republics of EstoniaFinlandLatviaand Lithuania. The formal proclamation was made from the stage of the Bolshoi Theatre. An intensive restructuring of the economy, industry and politics of the country began in the early days of Soviet power in A large part of this was done according to the Bolshevik Initial Decreesgovernment documents signed by Vladimir Lenin.
One of the most prominent breakthroughs was the GOELRO planwhich envisioned a major restructuring of the Soviet economy based on total electrification of the country. From its creation, the government in the Soviet Union was based on the one-party rule of the Communist Party Bolsheviks.
Wyat debate over the future of the economy provided the background for a power struggle in the years after Lenin's death in The same year, a Soviet Constitution was approved, legitimizing the December union.
Despite the foundation of the Soviet state as a federative entity of many constituent republics, each with its own political and administrative entities, the term "Soviet Russia" — strictly applicable only to the Russian Federative Socialist Republic — was often applied to the entire country mdan non-Soviet writers and politicians.
Lenin had appointed Stalin the head of the Workers' and Peasants' Inspectoratewhich gave Stalin considerable power. By gradually consolidating his influence and isolating and outmanoeuvring his rivals within the partyStalin became the undisputed leader of the country and, what comes in groups of 2 the end of the s, established a totalitarian rule.
InStalin mmean the first five-year plan for building a socialist economy. In place of the internationalism expressed by Lenin throughout the Revolution, it aimed to build Socialism in One Country. In industry, the state assumed control over all existing enterprises and undertook an intensive program of industrialization. In agriculturerather than adhering to the "lead by example" policy advocated by Lenin,  forced collectivization of farms was implemented all over the country.
Famines ensued as a result, causing deaths estimated at three to seven million; surviving kulaks were persecuted, and many were sent to Gulags to do forced labor. Despite the turmoil of the mid-to-late s, uu. country developed a robust industrial economy in the years preceding World War II. From tothe country participated in the World Disarmament Conference. Roosevelt, chose to recognize Stalin's Communist government formally and negotiated a new trade agreement between the two countries.
In DecemberStalin unveiled a new constitution that was praised by supporters around the world as the most democratic constitution imaginable, though there was some skepticism. According to declassified Soviet archives, the NKVD arrested more than one and a half million people in andof whomwere shot. Inafter attempts to form a military alliance with Britain dose France against Germany failed, the Soviet Union made a dramatic shift towards Nazi Germany.
Almost a year after Britain and France had concluded the Munich Agreement with Germany, the Soviet Union made agreements with Germany as well, both militarily and economically during extensive talks.
The former made possible the Soviet occupation of Lithuania, Latvia, EstoniaBessarabia, northern Bukovinaand eastern Polandwhile the Soviets remained formally neutral.
In late November, unable to coerce the Republic of Finland by diplomatic means into moving its border 25 kilometres 16 dpes back from LeningradStalin ordered the invasion of Finland. In the east, the Soviet military won several decisive victories during border clashes with the Empire of Japan in and The Battle of Stalingradwhich lasted from late to earlydealt soes severe blow to Germany from which they never fully recovered and became dkes turning point in the war. The USSR suffered greatly in the war, losing around 27 million people.
Once denied diplomatic recognition by the Western world, the USSR had official relations with practically every country by the late s. A member of the United Nations at its foundation inthe maen became one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Councilwhich gave it the right to veto any of its resolutions.
During the immediate post-war period, the Soviet Union rebuilt and expanded its mena, while maintaining its strictly centralized control. It took effective control over most of the countries of Eastern Europe except Yugoslavia and later Albaniaturning them into satellite states. It also instituted trading arrangements deliberately designed to favor the country. Moscow controlled the Communist parties that ruled the satellite states, and they followed orders from the Kremlin.
Fearing its ambitions, the Soviet Union's wartime allies, the United Kingdom and the United States, became its enemies. In the ensuing Cold Warthe two sides clashed indirectly in proxy wars. What does u. s. s. r mean died on 5 March Without a mutually agreeable successor, the highest Communist Party officials initially opted to rule the Soviet Union jointly through a troika headed by Georgy Malenkov.
This did not last, however, and Nikita Khrushchev eventually won the ensuing power struggle by the mids. Inhe denounced Joseph Stalin and proceeded to ease controls over the party and society.
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What does U.S.S.R. stand for? List of 7 U.S.S.R. definitions. Top U.S.S.R. abbreviation meanings updated February Examples: NFL, NASA, PSP, HIPAA,random Word(s) in meaning: chat "global warming" Postal codes: USA: , Canada: T5A 0A7 What does U.S.S.R stand for? Your abbreviation search returned 6 . The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was a federal socialist state in Northern Eurasia that existed from to Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, in practice its government and economy were highly centralized until its final years.
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