A tropical forest is any forest located between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Tropic of Cancer or approximately withing miles of the equator. When one passes out of the tropics, one enters what are referred to as temperate zones and those extend up until the Polar zones are reached. What is the difference between temperate rain forests and tropical rain forests? Temperate forests are mostly open and the open spaces covered with all types of ferns. lots of bird life. Tropical forests are covered with close spaced trees and the trees are draped with all types of vines, some with long tendrils covered with hook shape thorns.
Earth Science. A tropical forest is any forest located between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Tropic of Cancer or approximately withing miles of the equator. When one passes out of the tropics, one enters what are referred to as temperate zones and those extend up until the Polar zones are reached.
Defining a rainforest is a bit more difficult as there are several different definitions on the web. There are both tropical rainforests and temperate rainforests. What are the differences between the two? One obvious difference is their location and temperature range. Temperature in tropical rainforests is steady with little daily or seasonal variation. Tropical rainforests general have short lifespans for individual plants, lasting 50 to years and most of the plants have broad shaped leaves.
There are a few temperate rainforests with the best known being on the Pacific Coast of North America. There are a few pockets also found in Asia. The diversity in these rainforest is still amazing compared to normal forest, but not as what are the brightest replacement headlight bulbs as those in the tropics. The plant life is less and so are the things feeding on them. There are also no well know predators in temperate rainforest, whereas the tropics have large cats such jaguars, lions and tigers plus high numbers of reptiles.
Because temperatures and seasons are much more variable the further one gets from the equator, the organisms living in temperate rainforests have to be more flexible and able to adapt. Temperate rainforest plants can adjust to changes in light and have bigger root systems for storage of nutrients than topical rainforest plants.
Tropical and Temperate Rainforests Earth Science.
Temperate and Tropical Rainforest Precipitation
Jan 11, · The main difference between a temperate rainforest and tropical rainforest is location. Tropical rainforests are located near the equator between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn. Temperate rainforests are located to the north of the Tropic of Cancer and to the south of the Tropic of Capricorn. Similarly, what defines a temperate rainforest? Jul 14, · Temperate: A temperate rainforest is generally located around coastal areas and is cooler than a tropical rainforest. The two types of rainforest .
A rainforest is an ecosystem characterized by heavy rain and a dense tree canopy that lets very little light through to the understory. A forest ecosystem must receive over 60 inches of rain per year to be considered a rainforest.
Two types of rainforests are temperate rainforests and tropical rainforests. The tropical rainforest biome is home to over 50 percent of all known species of living things, the vast majority of which live in the canopy.
The temperate rainforest biome has fewer species due to its cooler climate. The main difference between a temperate rainforest and tropical rainforest is location. Tropical rainforests are located near the equator between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn.
Temperate rainforests are located to the north of the Tropic of Cancer and to the south of the Tropic of Capricorn. Both types of rainforests boast the presence of epiphytes — plants whose roots if present do not touch the ground. While they are not considered parasites, epiphytes frequently make their homes on other plants, such as trees. Both temperate and tropical rainforests have epiphytic plants. Temperate rainforest epiphytes are mainly ferns, moss and lichen, while tropical rainforest epiphyte species include orchids and bromeliads.
Epiphytes give rainforests their jungle-like appearance. When comparing and contrasting temperate and tropical rainforests, it is important to consider the amount of rain they receive. While temperate rainforest precipitation is approximately to inches of rain per year , tropical rainforest precipitation may be up to inches of rain per year.
The tropical rainforest climate is hotter than that of the temperate rainforest. Temperatures average between 70 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit. Humidity levels in the tropical rainforest biome range from 70 percent to 90 percent.
This warm climate causes dead organic matter to decompose extremely fast, so the soil layer in the tropical rainforest is very thin and devoid of nutrients. The temperate rainforest climate experiences temperatures that rarely fall below freezing and that typically range no higher than 80 degrees Fahrenheit in the summer. The consistently cooler temperatures of the temperate rainforest slow down decomposition, creating a very large layer of nutrient-filled soil and dead organic matter. Countries that experience this temperate rainforest climate include parts of Canada and the United States, as well as Chile, New Zealand and Norway.
Tropical rainforest plants include bromeliads, orchids, vines and other flowering plants. Broadleaf deciduous trees such as Brazil nut trees, mahogany trees, rubber trees, fig trees and cacao trees are just a few of the hundreds of tree species that live there.
Many of the tropical rainforest plants have medicinal value. In fact, over 25 percent of modern medicines come from tropical rainforest plant species. Tropical rainforest animals include monkeys, jaguars, sloths and tapirs, as well as a variety of snakes, frogs, lizards, and other reptiles and amphibians. Many insects thrive in the tropical rainforest biome because of the consistently warm temperatures and high humidity.
A variety of migrating songbirds live there for part of the year, as well as year-round bird species including harpy eagles, hummingbirds, toucans, macaws and quetzals. Temperate rainforest animals include:.
Birds such as eagles, owls, woodpeckers and crossbills characterize this ecosystem. A variety of insects, salamanders, frogs, snakes and turtles live mainly on the forest floor of the temperate rainforest.
Emily Neal is a freelance science writer and nature photographer. She has a B. For fun and inspiration she transcribes and edits novels, writes and plays music, and forages for wild mushrooms and mineral specimens. Types of Forest Ecosystems. Dominant Plants in a Tropical Rainforest. What Is the Average Rainfall in a Rainforest?
Animals in Forest Ecosystems. How to Find a Percent of a Fraction. How to Calculate Percent Relative Range. Definition of a Land Ecosystem. What Are the Benefits of Ecosystems? What Are the Trophic Levels in the Savanna? Copyright Leaf Group Ltd.