Seoul, South Korea Facts and History
Seoul (/ s o? l /, like soul; Korean: ?? (); lit. 'Capital'), officially the Seoul Special City, is the capital and largest metropolis of South Korea. Seoul has a population of million people, and forms the heart of the Seoul Capital Area with the surrounding Incheon metropolis and Gyeonggi mybajaguide.com was the world's 4th largest metropolitan economy in after Tokyo, New York. By , it is projected that more than 52% of South Korea's population will live within the area, or 26,, people. However, the Seoul Capital Area reached 25,, people by , bringing the chance of reaching a population of Million in less than 5 years. Economy.
According to current projections, South Korea is expected to hit its peak population of South Korea has the lowest fertility rate in the world of 0. Women in South Korea are reluctant to what does pain in your ovaries mean children because of high education costs and home prices and difficulty returning to work after giving birth.
Almost half of South Korea is expected to be over the age of 65 by Population estimates based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data. Estimate as of Mar 29, is: 51, The land area covers 99, square kilometers or 38, Inan estimate was made that South Korea's population density in its cities, each containing at least 50, people, was nearly 4, on average. As a result of the continued following of the practice to migrate to urban areas, the figure was much higher in the s.
Seoul 's population density was estimated around 17, average persons inan increase of over when compared with 's population density of nearly 14, people every square kilometer.
The current density of Seoul is almost twice that of New York City. The density of Busanthe second largest city in the countrywas just over 8, persons for every square kilometer inwhile this figure stood at a little over 7, people back in The government's Economic Planning Board believes the population density will be people for every square kilometer. The population is how to say prostate in spanish to stabilize byaccording to the census.
The largest cities, according to statistics taken inwere Busan 3. Most of the growth was as a result of migration with natural increase playing a smaller role in this change.
Surveys taken show that seeking a new job or a job transfer were the major reasons that new immigrants gave for moving. Many immigrants also cited education and convenience as factors in moving to the capital. The population of Seoul made up However, there has been greater growth in the provincial cities as compared to the capital, especially in the southeastern coastal area, which includes Pohang, Pusan, Ulsan, Chinhae, Yeosu, and Masan. Figures from the census show that the population of Ulsan increased eighteen times, with an increase ofinhabitants from to Rapid urban growth has resulted in various problems for South How to make international call to australia. High-rise apartments were constructed in order to help alleviate housing shortages.
But it also caused severe hardship on the thousands of people who were forced to relocate from their old neighborhoods since they were unable to afford the rents in the new buildings. In the late s, squatter areas which contained one-story shacks still existed in different parts of Seoul.
Housing for most of the population, bar the wealthiest, was generally cramped. The concentration of factories in urban areas and the use of coal for heating during the severe winter months resulted in dangerous levels of air and water pollution, issues that still remain today.
South Korea is officially known as The Republic of Korea and is located in the southern part of the Korea peninsula, which neighbors China to the west, Japan to the east, and North Korea to the north.
The largest city and capital is Seoulwhich has a population of just under 10 million. The country had its first election at and operates under a powerful presidential system.
The median age in South Korea is approximately Life expectancy is approximately Physician density is at approximately how to sync my samsung galaxy s3 with my mac. However, they differentiate themselves from many other nations because of how well people of all belief systems coexist peacefully.
The average life expectancy from WHO data is Although there has been a significant increase in life expectancy sinceSouth Korea still faces numerous problems in relation to healthcare. Approximately South Korea also has the 2nd highest suicide rate in the world, although government efforts have led to recent declines. South Korea had the best rate of influenza vaccination in Asia with people vaccinated per Inthe government's expenditure on healthcare was 7.
SinceSouth Korea has improved its record for having the world's lowest birthrate. The country's birthrate is currently 1. South Korea Population Live 51, Population Rank. The current population of South Korea is 51,based on projections of the latest United Nations data.
The UN estimates the July 1, population at 51, South Korea Population Live. Components of Population Change One birth every 1 minutes One death every 2 minutes One net migrant every 31 minutes Net gain of one person every 12 minutes. South Korea Population Clock.
South Korea Population Density Map. South Korea Population by Year Historical. South Korea Population by Year Projections. South Korea Population Pyramid Loading South Korea Median Age There are 43, adults in South Korea. South Korea Population Pyramid. South Korea Population History SinceSouth Korea has improved its record for having the world's lowest birthrate.
Cities in South Korea. Eastern Asia. Where is South Korea? Countries Starting with S. GeoNames Gazetteer.
World Population Review
Seoul, officially known as the Seoul Special City, is the largest metropolis and capital of South mybajaguide.com megacity is the largest city proper in the developed world and the Seoul Capital Area is the second largest metropolitan in the world with more than million people, which is half of all the residents in the country. The estimated population within the city limits for is Aug 13, · Seoul, South Korea. The Seoul National Capital Area is the second-largest in the world at square miles and an average elevation of just above sea level at feet. Because of its very large population, Seoul is considered a global city and it is the center of South Korea's economy, culture, and politics. South Korea is officially known as The Republic of Korea and is located in the southern part of the Korea peninsula, which neighbors China to the west, Japan to the east, and North Korea to the north. The largest city and capital is Seoul, which has a population of just under 10 million. Under its current constitution, the state is also referred to as The Sixth Republic of South Korea.
The metropolis exerts a major influence in regional affairs as one of the five leading hosts of global conferences ; as of it was ranked 3rd in the world after Singapore 1st and Brussels 2nd. Seoul was the capital of various Korean states, including Baekje , Joseon , the Korean Empire , Goryeo as a secondary capital , and presently South Korea.
Strategically located along the Han River , Seoul's history stretches back over two thousand years, when it was founded in 18 BC by the people of Baekje , one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. The city was later designated the capital of Korea under the Joseon dynasty. Seoul is surrounded by a mountainous and hilly landscape, with Bukhan Mountain located on the northern edge of the city.
Unlike most place names in Korea, "Seoul" has no corresponding hanja Chinese characters used in the Korean language. Seoul is first recorded as Wiryeseong, the capital of Baekje founded in 18 BC in the northeastern area of modern Seoul. Pungnaptoseong , an earthen wall located southeast Seoul, is widely believed to have been at the main Wiryeseong site.
In the 11th century Goryeo , which succeeded Unified Silla , built a summer palace in Seoul, which was referred to as the "Southern Capital". It was only from this period that Seoul became a larger settlement. The Gyeongbok Palace , built in the 14th century, served as the royal residence until The other large palace, Changdeokgung , constructed in , served as the main royal palace from to Originally, the city was entirely surrounded by a massive circular stone wall to provide its citizens security from wild animals, thieves and attacks.
Seoul became the first city in East Asia to introduce electricity in the royal palace, built by the Edison Illuminating Company  and a decade later Seoul also implemented electrical street lights. Much of the development was due to trade with foreign countries like France and the United States.
The narrow, dirty lanes have been widened, gutters have been covered, roadways broadened. Seoul is within measurable distance of becoming the highest, most interesting and cleanest city in the East. After the annexation treaty in , Japan annexed Korea and renamed the city Gyeongseong "Kyongsong" in Korean and "Keijo" in Japanese.
Japanese technology was imported, the city walls were removed, some of the gates demolished. Roads became paved and Western-style buildings were constructed. The city was liberated by U. In , the city was officially named Seoul, and was designated as a special city in The capital was temporarily relocated to Busan.
In addition, a flood of refugees had entered Seoul during the war, swelling the population of the city and its metropolitan area to an estimated 1. Following the war, Seoul began to focus on reconstruction and modernization.
As South Korea's economy started to grow rapidly from the s, urbanization also accelerated and workers began to move to Seoul and other larger cities. Until , Seoul was claimed by North Korea as its de jure capital, being specified as such in Article of the North Korean constitution.
Gyeongbokgung , the main royal palace during Joseon Dynasty. Changdeok Palace , one of the five royal palaces during Joseon Dynasty. Seoul is in the northwest of South Korea. Seoul proper comprises The Han River and its surrounding area played an important role in Korean history.
The Three Kingdoms of Korea strove to take control of this land, where the river was used as a trade route to China via the Yellow Sea. Historically, the city was during the Joseon dynasty bounded by the Seoul Fortress Wall , which stretched between the four main mountains in central Seoul: Bugaksan , Inwangsan , Naksan and Namsan. The city is bordered by eight mountains, as well as the more level lands of the Han River plain and western areas.
Due to its geography and to economic development policies, Seoul is a very polycentric city. The area that was the old capital in the Joseon dynasty, and mostly comprises Jongno District and Jung District , constitutes the historical and political center of the city.
However, for example, the city's financial capital is widely considered to be in Yeouido , while its economic capital is Gangnam District. Being in the extreme east Asia , the climate can be described as humid subtropical with great variation in temperature and precipitation throughout the year. August, the hottest month, has average high and low temperatures of Winters are quite short but usually cold to freezing with average January high and low temperatures of 1.
Air pollution is a major issue in Seoul. The Seoul Metropolitan Government monitors and publicly shares real-time air quality data. Since the early s, the Ministry of Environment has implemented a range of policies and air pollutant standards to improve and manage air quality for its people.
Its 1st Seoul Metropolitan Air Quality Improvement Plan — focused on improving the concentrations of PM10 and nitrogen dioxide by reducing emissions. Asian dust , emissions from Seoul and in general from the rest of South Korea, as well as emissions from China, all contribute to Seoul's air quality. Besides air quality, greenhouse gas emissions represent hot issues in South Korea since the country is among top strongest emitters in the world. Seoul is the strongest hotspot of greenhouse gas emissions in the country and according to satellite data, the persistent carbon dioxide anomaly over the city is one of the strongest in the world.
Songpa has the most people, while Seocho has the largest area. The government of each gu handles many of the functions that are handled by city governments in other jurisdictions. Some gu have only a few dong while others like Jongno District have a very large number of distinct neighbourhoods. Seoul proper is noted for its population density , which is almost twice that of New York City and eight times greater than Rome. Its metropolitan area was the most densely populated among OECD countries in Asia in , and second worldwide after that of Paris.
As of , the population is 9. This was a 0. The population of Seoul has been dropping since the early s, the reasons being the high costs of living, urban sprawling to Gyeonggi region's satellite bed cities and an aging population.
As of , the number of foreigners living in Seoul was ,, This was an 8. The next largest group was Chinese citizens who are not of Korean ethnicity; 29, of them resided in Seoul. The next highest group consisted of the 9, United States citizens who were not of Korean ancestry. The next highest group were Taiwanese citizens, at 8, The two major religions in Seoul are Christianity and Buddhism.
Other religions include Muism indigenous religion and Confucianism. Seoul is home to one of the world's largest Christian congregations, Yoido Full Gospel Church , which has around , members. Religion in Seoul . Seoul is home to the world's largest modern university founded by a Buddhist Order, Dongguk University. Seoul is the business and financial hub of South Korea.
Although it accounts for only 0. The traditional, labour-intensive manufacturing industries have been continuously replaced by information technology , electronics and assembly-type of industries;   however, food and beverage production, as well as printing and publishing remained among the core industries.
Notable food and beverage companies include Jinro , whose soju is the most sold alcoholic drink in the world, beating out Smirnoff vodka ;  top selling beer producers Hite merged with Jinro and Oriental Brewery. Seoul hosts large concentration of headquarters of International companies and banks, including 15 companies on fortune list such as Samsung , LG and Hyundai. Insadong is the cultural art market of Seoul, where traditional and modern Korean artworks, such as paintings, sculptures and calligraphy are sold.
While Itaewon had catered mainly to foreign tourists and American soldiers based in the city, Koreans now comprise the majority of visitors to the area. The Yongsan Electronics Market is the largest electronics market in Asia. Times Square is one of Seoul's largest shopping malls featuring the CGV Starium , the world's largest permanent 35 mm cinema screen. Now ex-kepco storey building is under demolition. Seoul has been described as the world's "most wired city",  ranked first in technology readiness by PwC 's Cities of Opportunity report.
Seoul is among the world leaders in Internet connectivity, being the capital of South Korea, which has the world's highest fibre-optic broadband penetration and highest global average internet speeds of The traditional heart of Seoul is the old Joseon dynasty city, now the downtown area, where most palaces, government offices, corporate headquarters, hotels, and traditional markets are located.
Cheonggyecheon , a stream that runs from west to east through the valley before emptying into the Han River , was for many years covered with concrete, but was recently restored by an urban revival project in The bell signaled the different times of the day and controlled the four major gates to the city.
North of downtown is Bukhan Mountain , and to the south is the smaller Namsan. Further south are the old suburbs, Yongsan District and Mapo District. Across the Han River are the newer and wealthier areas of Gangnam District , Seocho District and surrounding neighborhoods. Seoul has many historical and cultural landmarks.
In Amsa-dong Prehistoric Settlement Site , Gangdong District , neolithic remains were excavated and accidentally discovered by a flood in Urban and civil planning was a key concept when Seoul was first designed to serve as a capital in the late 14th century.
The main palace, Gyeongbokgung , underwent a large-scale restoration project. Beside the palaces, Unhyeongung is known for being the royal residence of Regent Daewongun , the father of Emperor Gojong at the end of the Joseon Dynasty. Seoul has been surrounded by walls that were built to regulate visitors from other regions and protect the city in case of an invasion.
Pungnap Toseong is a flat earthen wall built at the edge of the Han River, which is widely believed to be the site of Wiryeseong. Namdaemun was the oldest wooden gate until a arson attack, and was re-opened after complete restoration in There are also many buildings constructed with international styles in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
The Independence Gate was built in to inspire an independent spirit. Seoul Station was opened in as Gyeongseong Station. Royal Throne in Geunjeongjeon , inside Gyeongbok Palace. Bukchon Hanok Village -- traditional Seoul village built during Joseon era. The tallest building is Lotte World Tower, reaching a height of m.
It opened to the public in April