Chinese Calendar - Festivals & Holidays
48 rows · In fact, the Chinese calendar's origins can be traced as far back as the 14th century BCE. Leap. The Chinese calendar is different from the Gregorian (or western) calendar which begins each year on January 1st and ends on December 31st. The Chinese calendar based upon the (lunar)cycles of the moon and as a result, starts on a different date each year, between January 21st and February 19th. The lunar calendar repeats over twelve years.
China and many Chinese communities around the world use the Chinese calendar for traditional purposes. The Chinese calendar is a lunisolar calendar that is used to determine important festival dates, such as Lunar New Year. The Chinese calendar is lunisolar. It is based on exact astronomical observations of the Sun's longitude and the Moon's phases.
It attempts to have its years coincide with the tropical year and shares some similarities with the Jewish calendar. In both these calendars, a common year has 12 months and a leap year has 13 months; and an ordinary year has — days while a leap year has — days. Although the Chinese calendar originated in China, these days, the Gregorian calendar is used for civil purposes. However, the Chinese calendar is still observed among various Chinese communities around the world.
It is used to determine festival dates, such as Lunar New Yearas well as auspicious dates, such as wedding dates.
It is also used to determine Moon phases because it follows the Moon. The Chinese calendar does not count years in an infinite sequence. Each year is assigned a name consisting of two components within each year cycle. The first component is a celestial stem:. What's my Chinese Zodiac animal? The second component is a terrestrial branch. It features the names of animals in a zodiac cycle consisting of 12 animals:.
Each of the two components is used sequentially. Therefore, the first year of the year cycle becomes jia-zithe second year is yi-chouand so on. One starts from the beginning when the end of a component is reached. The 10th year is gui-youthe 11th year is jia-xu restarting the celestial stem the 12th year is yi-haiand the 13th year is bing-zi restarting the celestial branch.
Finally, the 60th year is gui-hai. This pattern of naming years within a year cycle dates back about years. A similar naming of days and months is no longer used but the date name is still listed in calendars.
It has been customary to number the year cycle since BCE when the how to watch movies in theaters was supposedly invented. According to Helmer Aslaksen, of the National University of Singapore, there are two rules of thumb used to calculate the new year in the Chinese calendar.
For example, it failed in both and Chinese New Year will always fall between January 21 and February The second rule of thumb is that most of the time Chinese New Year will fall 11 or sometimes 10 or 12 days earlier than the previous year, but if that means that the event would be outside of the Chinese New Year range of January 21 to February 21, a leap month must be added so Chinese New Year jumps 19 or sometimes 18 days later.
The Chinese calendar features 12 months. However, an extra month is inserted in the calendar when a leap year occurs. Therefore, leap years in the Chinese calendar have 13 months, unlike leap years in the Gregorian calendar in which an extra day is included.
A leap month is what is the year in chinese calendar to the Chinese calendar approximately every three years 7 times in 19 years. The name of the leap month is the same as how to draw sad anime boy previous lunar month.
A leap year in the Chinese calendar does not necessarily fall at the same time a leap year occurs in the Gregorian calendar. One must calculate the number of New Moons between the 11th month in one year, which is the month with the December solsticeand the 11th month in the following year to figure out if a year is a leap year. The leap year must be inserted if there are 13 New Moons from the start of the 11th month in the first year to the start of the 11th month in the second year.
At least one month does not contain a principal term Zhongqi in leap years. The solar term system has how to create a limited partnership principal terms to indicate the Sun's longitudes at every 30 degrees.
The first month that does not have a principal term is determined as the leap month. The Chinese calendar's what is the lotus flower can be traced as far back as the 14th century BCE. The Shang oracle bones give evidence of a lunisolar calendar which has been much modified but persists to this day. Another phase was added to the calendar because the system was meant to be for popular use. Twelve animals were associated with each year during the Chou period.
These 12 animals were commonly called the 12 Zodiac animals in western society. They were believed to be merely popular symbols cute ways to tell someone how much you love them did not have any great significance. However, there have been various folktales linked the origin of the 12 animals. China resisted the Gregorian calendar until but it was not widely used throughout the country until the Communist victory in This widespread change occurred on October 1,when Mao Zedong, who led the People's Republic of China, ordered that the year should be in accord with the Gregorian calendar.
Note: timeanddate. Topics: CalendarLeap YearHistory. Sign in. Home Calendar Chinese. The Year of the Ox started on February 12,
How Does the Chinese Lunar Calendar Work
There are two dates a Chinese zodiac year could be said to start on: Chinese New Year or ‘Start of Spring'. Chinese New Year (day 1 of the lunar year) falls somewhere in the period January 21 to February Start of Spring (day 1 of the solar year), the first day of the first solar term in the traditional Chinese solar calendar, falls in the. It is also called the Lunar calendar, Yin calendar, Xia calendar or the old Chinese calendar. Each Chinese calendar year has a zodiac sign, 12 or 13 months and each month has 29 or 30 days. If there are 12 months, there will be or days in a year; if 13 months, there will be or days. Chinese Calendar - Festivals & Holidays Starting February 12, , it is the year of the Ox as per the Chinese calendar. is the year of the Tiger and the Chinese new year falls on February
Each zodiac animal's year comes around every 12 years , and each year is associated with a zodiac animal. The most recent zodiac sign years are shown below. The Ox has long been a symbol of power in Chinese culture. An Ox year is usually considered to be a more hopeful and fruitful year, so is expected to bring better luck. Most Chinese people also believe that people born in a Goat year will grow up to be followers rather than leaders.
Although this is an outdated superstition, it has a real effect on Chinese society. Conversely, the Dragon is the most coveted zodiac sign, with Chinese births peaking in Dragon years.
Rationally, it's hard to identify the luckiest or unluckiest zodiac signs, as each sign has its own advantages and disadvantages. Socially, different combinations of zodiac signs cause different relational dynamics, which may affect someone's life more, as we don't live in isolation. Chinese zodiac animals have astrological and cultural meanings.
Chinese people associate each animal sign with certain characteristics. It's believed that people born in a given year have the personality of that year's animal. Click the animal signs below to learn more about each zodiac animal.
Since the zodiac Rat and the zodiac Ox have a good relationship, the fortunes of Rat people will be exceptionally smooth. This year, regardless of whether they have difficulties in their careers or studies, Rats can get help from others in time. Read more on Monthly Fortune for Rats in Oxen are expected to face many challenges when their birth year recurs every twelfth year.
Read more on Monthly Fortune for Oxes in But Tigers, if you can relax and condition yourself, you can have a smooth end to the year. In , Tigers' careers and financial performance is set to be relatively flat. Emotional luck is good, and singles will have a great chance of making a connection, while people of marriageable age may also enter marriage.
In terms of health, Tigers should be alert to small physical ailments, paying attention to seeking health care in a timely way. Read more on Monthly Fortune for Tigers in In , those belonging to the Chinese zodiac sign of the Rabbit will have an overall stable time, and as long as they maintain the enthusiasm they had in the past, there will be no small gains.
The zodiac Rabbit is innately more diligent that other signs, and interpersonal relationships are usually very good. This year is again expected to be blessed with rich and powerful people's help, so prospects of promotion and salary increase are still very promising. Read more on Monthly Fortune for Rabbits in Although there are certain opportunities in their careers, just a little carelessness is likely to cause adversity.
In , Dragons should be more careful in their words and deeds, and in interpersonal situations, they should pay attention to avoid oral disputes. In terms of health, Dragons' overall performance in will be good, but they should still be careful of the adverse effects of bad living habits.
Emotionally, will be a year without much luck in love, but married people will have the support of their spouses. Read more on Monthly Fortune for Dragons in Whether at work or in the area of finance, Snakes, you will get the help of your people. Owing to Snakes' intelligence and calm, business will be greatly improved in At the same time, it will be very good in terms of wealth: Snakes, no matter what you do, it can be rewarded.
Read more on Monthly Fortune for Snakes in Entering , the overall destiny of Horse people those born in a Chinese zodiac year of the Horse is troubled. Fortunately, Horse people are righteous, and usually treat friends very generously, so their fortunes are very good usually. In , their career performance is good, with career progress, which will bring a good income.
Romantically, this year Horse people have a lot of rotten luck in love, which may affect family harmony, and so they need to be careful in their responses. Read more on Monthly Fortune for Horses in Goat people's careers and financial fortunes this year are mostly unfavorable.
Because of many difficulties in life, the usually mild-mannered Goat people may have conflicts with friends. Read more on Monthly Fortune for Goats in Monkeys people born in a Chinese zodiac Monkey year will have great luck in their careers in the first half of , and there will be opportunities to get rich. Read more on Monthly Fortune for Monkeys in The overall luck of Roosters people born in a year of the Rooster in is relatively stable.
Roosters, your career and financial luck are very smooth: as long as you work hard, you will get a good deal. Read more on Monthly Fortune for Roosters in In , luck for the Dog people of the Dog Chinese zodiac sign is slightly lower, especially with respect to interpersonal problems that will plague the Dog. In terms of careers, Dogs, what you do will easily attract criticism from others.
In , people who belong to the Dog zodiac sign will be easily trapped in their feelings, leading to insomnia and fatigue. Academically, Dog people's learning efficiency will be hindered because of their introverted personality. Read more on Monthly Fortune for Dogs in In , Pigs people born in a year of the Pig will have good opportunities for career and wealth gains; in terms of feelings, Pigs can just go with the flow.
However, Pigs, pay attention to the health of your family. This year, you or your family may have serious illnesses, which will cost you a lot of money. Academically, Pigs are generally in good shape in If you study hard, you can get good returns. Read more on Monthly Fortune for Pigs in People born in a certain animal year are believed to have attributes of that animal, which could either help or hinder a relationship.
Each Chinese zodiac animal has personality traits assigned to it by the ancient Chinese. Chinese people believe these traits will be embodied in people, according to their zodiac sign. An important use of the Chinese zodiac is to determine if two people are compatible , in a romantic relationship or any kind of relationship.
In ancient times people were faithful to Chinese zodiac compatibility and often referred to it before a romantic relationship began. Even nowadays some people still refer to it. These love compatibilities are derived from 6 trines similarities , 4 six-harmony pairs complementary opposites , and 6 other less-easily-discerned personality trait compatibilities.
There's a custom of wearing zodiac sign jewelry to avoid bad luck in China — usually a bracelet or necklace. The rule is choosing the six-harmony compatible signs first, then trine signs. For example, if you are an Ox, you could wear Rat jewelry. If your compatible signs involve any of these five signs, you should skip them and choose other signs for your lucky accessories. For example, people born under the Rooster sign should usually wear Dragon jewelry for its six-harmony compatibility, but in , they should avoid the Dragon and choose the Snake from the trine trio not the Ox as it's also in conflict with Tai Sui.
As there are 12 animal signs, a year of your birth sign occurs once per year-cycle: when you are about 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, and so on.
According to Chinese astrology, people in their zodiac year are believed to offend Tai Sui, the God of Age, and incur his curse. It is believed to bring nothing but bad luck. Therefore, Chinese astrology followers pay special attention to their conduct every twelfth year of their lives, i.
The Chinese zodiac is a repeating cycle of 12 animal signs that are divided on a year-by-year basis. The 12 signs are popularly explained by a myth that when the Jade Emperor the supreme immortal was developing a calendar, all creatures on Earth were summoned to participate in a race. The first 12 to cross the line were awarded signs and an order in the Chinese zodiac. Find out more on Chinese Zodiac story. Actually, the 12 animals were chosen very deliberately by the ancients, after many revisions.
The zodiac animals are either closely related to ancient Chinese people's daily lives, or have lucky meanings. Most Chinese people use lunar new year as the start of the zodiac year. But for professional fortune telling, Chinese astrologers use 'Start of Spring' or solar new year as the beginning of the zodiac year. The Chinese astrology system identifies five elements : fire, earth, metal, water, and wood.
Each element is linked to motivating forces in people's lives. In Chinese astrology, each of the 12 Chinese zodiac signs is associated with one of the five elements, which is known as the fixed element of the sign:. A person's characteristics are said to be determined both by the fixed element of their zodiac sign and the element of the year cycle they were born in.
The year a person is born in determines their zodiac sign, and this is believed to affect their personality, and hence their fate. Since ancient times, people have developed horoscopes to predict destinies, based around zodiac sign traits. To make a relatively thorough fortune prediction, Chinese fortune tellers take many methods into consideration, such as face characteristics, palmistry, and more involved Chinese astrology including birth month, day, and hour, gender, etc.
Zodiac horoscopy by birth year is only one of these methods. See more on:. Beside the zodiac year, Chinese astrology has three other pillars that create your fate, making four pillars in total: birth year, birth month, birth day, and birth hour.
The four pillars are based on the alignment of blocks of time in the Chinese calendar. In some countries, the zodiac signs are the same as the Chinese ones, while some of the animals differ in other countries.
This is a Metal Ox year. Choose your date of birth and find out about your Chinese zodiac sign. Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 You are a:.