What Four Seas Surround the Philippines?
Philippine Sea, section of the western North Pacific Ocean, lying east and north of the Philippines. The floor of this portion of the ocean is formed into a structural basin by a series of geologic folds and faults that protrude above the surface in the form of bordering island arcs. The Philippines (/ ? f ? l ? p i? n z / (); Filipino: Pilipinas [?p?l??pin?s] or Filipinas [f?l??pin?s]), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Filipino: Republika ng Pilipinas), is an archipelagic country in Southeast mybajaguide.com is situated in the western Pacific Ocean, and consists of about 7, islands, that are broadly categorized under three main geographical divisions.
Philippine How to install database serversection of the western North Pacific Ocean, lying east and north of the Philippines. The floor of this portion of philippinew ocean is formed into a structural basin by a series of geologic folds and faults that protrude above the surface in the form of bordering island arcs. They surround an area measuring 1, miles 2, km north-south by 1, miles east-west and occupying a total surface area of 40, square miles 1, square kmabout 3 percent of the entire Pacific region.
The basin, with a general depth of 19, feet 6, mplunges to its greatest depths in trenches to the east of the island arcs. The deepest is the Philippine Trench at 34, feet 10, m. Numerous seamounts rise from the basin floor, some of which are volcanic; their peaks, often flat called tablemounts, or guyotsare capped with coral.
The warm Pacific North Equatorial Current flows westward across the southern part of the sea. On meeting the Philippines, the current divides; part swings north near Luzon how to make latex masks at home form the Kuroshio q. These hpilippines, together with areas near reefs, ridges, and seamounts, are the sites of fishing grounds. Typhoons, which become particularly strong in September, originate in the sea.
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Britannica Quiz. All About Oceans and Seas Quiz. Where is the Puerto Rico Trench? Find out how deep your knowledge of oceans and seas goes with this quiz. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. In the east it was formed by backarc spreading from 30 million years ago. The origin of the older crust is not completely clear. It either was created by spreading wwhat the Pacific basin and…. The temperature and salinity of Kuroshio water are relatively high for the….
Pacific Ocean, body of salt water extending from the Antarctic region in the south to the Arctic in the north and lying between the continents of Asia and Australia on the west and North and South America on the east.
Of the three oceans that extend northward from the Antarctic continent, the…. History at your fingertips.
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Where is The Philippines?
Apr 16, · Philippines, island country of Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. It is an archipelago consisting of some 7, islands and islets lying about miles ( km) off the coast of Vietnam. Manila is the capital, but nearby Quezon City is the country’s most-populous city. Feb 25, · Positioned on the western edge of the Pacific Ocean, along the Ring of Fire, The Philippines is the 2 nd largest archipelago in the world, with over 7, individual islands. It is geographically positioned both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. The Philippines is an archipelago in southeastern Asia, located between the South China Sea and the Pacific Ocean. With an area of about , square kilometers (, square miles), the country is slightly larger than the state of Arizona.
Philippines , island country of Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. It is an archipelago consisting of some 7, islands and islets lying about miles km off the coast of Vietnam. The second largest island of the Philippines is Mindanao , in the southeast. The Philippines takes its name from Philip II , who was king of Spain during the Spanish colonization of the islands in the 16th century. Because it was under Spanish rule for years and under U.
It is, for example, the second most-populous Asian country following India with English as an official language and one of only two predominantly Roman Catholic countries in Asia the other being East Timor. Despite the prominence of such Anglo-European cultural characteristics, the peoples of the Philippines are Asian in consciousness and aspiration. The country was wracked by political turmoil in the last quarter of the 20th century.
After enduring more than a decade of authoritarian rule under Pres. Ferdinand Marcos , the broadly popular People Power movement in led a bloodless uprising against the regime. The confrontation resulted not only in the ouster and exile of Marcos but also in the restoration of democratic government to the Philippines.
Contemporary Filipinos continue to grapple with a society that is replete with paradoxes , perhaps the most obvious being the presence of extreme wealth alongside tremendous poverty. Rich in resources, the Philippines has the potential to build a strong industrial economy, but the country remains largely agricultural.
Especially toward the end of the 20th century, rapid industrial expansion was spurred by a high degree of domestic and foreign investment. That growth, however, simultaneously contributed to severe degradation of the environment. The Philippines also emerged as a regional leader in education during the late 20th century, with a well-established public school and university system, and by the early 21st century the country had one of the highest literacy rates in Asia.
The islands spread out in the shape of a triangle, with those south of Palawan , the Sulu Archipelago , and the island of Mindanao outlining from west to east, respectively its southern base and the Batan Islands to the north of Luzon forming its apex.
The archipelago stretches about 1, miles 1, km from north to south, and its widest east-west extent, at its southern base, is some miles 1, km.
The island of Taiwan lies north of the Batan group, the Malaysian portion of the island of Borneo is to the south of Palawan, and the eastern islands of Indonesia lie to the south and southeast of Mindanao. Only about two-fifths of the islands and islets have names, and only some have areas of 1 square mile 2.
The large islands fall into three groups: 1 the Luzon group in the north and west, consisting of Luzon, Mindoro , and Palawan, 2 the Visayas group in the centre, consisting of Bohol , Cebu , Leyte , Masbate , Negros , Panay , and Samar , and 3 Mindanao in the south. Outstanding physical features of the Philippines include the irregular configuration of the archipelago, the coastline of some 22, miles 36, km , the great extent of mountainous country, the narrow and interrupted coastal plains, the generally northward trend of the river systems, and the spectacular lakes.
The islands are composed primarily of volcanic rock and coral, but all principal rock formations are present. The mountain ranges for the most part run in the same general direction as the islands themselves, approximately north to south. The Cordillera Central , the central mountain chain of Luzon , running north to the Luzon Strait from the northern boundary of the central plain, is the most prominent range.
It consists of two and in places three parallel ranges, each with an average elevation of about 5, feet 1, metres. The Sierra Madre, extending along the Pacific coast from northern to central Luzon, is the longest mountain range in the country. To the north of the latter, and between the two ranges, is the fertile Cagayan Valley. The narrow Ilocos, or Malayan, range, lying close along the west coast of northern Luzon, rises in places to elevations above 5, feet 1, metres and is seldom below 3, feet 1, metres ; it is largely volcanic.
Most of the central plain of Luzon, about by 50 miles by 80 km , is only about feet 30 metres above sea level. The greater part of southern Luzon is occupied by isolated volcanoes and irregular masses of hills and mountains.
The island of Palawan is about 25 miles 40 km wide and more than miles km long; through it extends a range with an average elevation of 4, to 5, feet 1, to 1, metres. Each of the Visayan Islands except Samar and Bohol is traversed longitudinally by a single range with occasional spurs. Several peaks on Panay and Negros reach a height of 6, feet 1, metres or more.
Mount Canlaon Canlaon Volcano , on Negros, rises to 8, feet 2, metres. There are several important ranges on Mindanao ; the Diuata Diwata Mountains along the eastern coast are the most prominent.
To the west lies another range that stretches from the centre of the island southward. Farther west the Butig Mountains trend northwestward from the northeastern edge of the Moro Gulf. A range also runs northwest-southeast along the southwestern coast.
A number of volcanic peaks surround Lake Sultan Alonto Lake Lanao , and a low cordillera extends through the Zamboanga Peninsula in the far west. Although volcanoes are a conspicuous feature of the landscape, there is relatively little volcanic activity. There are altogether about 50 volcanoes, of which more than 10 are known to be active.
All gradations of volcanoes can be seen, from the almost perfect cone of Mayon, which has been compared to Mount Fuji in Japan , to old, worn-down volcanic stocks, the present forms of which give little indication of their origin. The several distinct volcanic areas are in south-central and southern Luzon and on the islands of Negros, Mindanao, Jolo , and elsewhere. Tremors and earthquakes are common. The northern plain between the Sierra Madre and the Cordillera Central is drained by the Cagayan, while the central plain is drained in the north by the Agno and in the south by the Pampanga.
The Pasig, which flows through the city of Manila, was once commercially important as a nexus for interisland trade but is no longer navigable except by small craft; heavy pollution has required significant cleanup efforts. Most of the Bicol Peninsula lies in the Bicol basin. The largest lake in the archipelago, with an area of square miles square km , is Laguna de Bay , on the island of Luzon.
The alluvial plains and terraces of Luzon and Mindoro have dark black cracking clays, as well as younger soils that are especially suitable for rice cultivation. Much of the land of the hilly and mountainous regions consists of moist, fertile soils, often with a significant concentration of volcanic ash, that support fruit trees and pineapples.
Oil palms, vegetables, and other crops are grown in the peatlike areas, as well as in the younger, sand-based soils of the coastal plains, marshes, and lake regions. The dark, organic, mineral-rich soils of the undulating terrain of the Bicol Peninsula, much of the Visayas, and the northwest tip of Luzon are used to grow coffee, bananas, and other crops.
Highly weathered, often red or yellow soils are prominent in the central and southern Philippines and are typically planted with cassava manioc and sugarcane; these soils also support forests for timber harvesting.
The poor, precipitation-leached soils of Palawan and the eastern mountains of Luzon are largely covered with shrubs, bushes, and other secondary growth that typically emerges in areas that have been cleared of their original forest cover.
The climate of the Philippines is tropical and strongly monsoonal i. In general, rain-bearing winds blow from the southwest from approximately May to October, and drier winds come from the northeast from November to February. Thus, temperatures remain relatively constant from north to south during the year, and seasons consist of periods of wet and dry.
Throughout the country, however, there are considerable variations in the frequency and amount of precipitation. The western shores facing the South China Sea have the most marked dry and wet seasons. The dry season generally begins in December and ends in May, the first three months being cool and the second three hot; the rest of the year constitutes the wet season. The dry season shortens progressively to the east until it ceases to occur.
During the wet season, rainfall is heavy in all parts of the archipelago except for an area extending southward through the centre of the Visayan group to central Mindanao and then southwestward through the Sulu Archipelago; rain is heaviest along the eastern shores facing the Pacific Ocean. From June to December tropical cyclones typhoons often strike the Philippines. Most of these storms come from the southeast, their frequency generally increasing from south to north; in some years the number of cyclones reaches 25 or more.
Typhoons are heaviest in Samar, Leyte, south-central Luzon, and the Batan Islands, and, when accompanied by floods or high winds, they may cause great loss of life and property.
Mindanao is generally free from such storms. November through February constitutes the most agreeable season; the air is cool and invigorating at night, and the days are pleasant and sunny. Videos Images Audio. Additional Info. Table Of Contents.
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Gregorio C. Former President, Philippine Normal College. Fishing boat at sunset, Boracay Island, central Philippines. Britannica Quiz. Pin the Capital on the Country: Fact or Fiction? Is Mecca the capital of Saudi Arabia? Is Milan the capital of Italy? From Kazakhstan and Helsinki to Maldives and Timbuktu, sort fact from fiction while sorting through the countries and capitals in this quiz. Villagers tending a rice field in the Philippines. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content.
Subscribe Now. The Sulu Archipelago comprises hundreds of volcanic and coral islands and numerous rocks and reefs in the southwestern Philippines. Mount Apo, Mindanao island, Philippines. Gas and ash rising from Mount Pinatubo, central Luzon, Philippines, just prior to eruption in June Coffee plantation, Basilan Island, Philippines.
Explore the spectacular landscape of Batan Islands, Philippines. Time-lapse video of the Batan Islands, Philippines. Load Next Page.